This agreement must be signed by the apprentice and the employer at the beginning of the apprenticeship. For each (group) of occupations, the Minister appoints a curriculum committee (curri team), made up of an equal number of representatives of the school system and practical training institutions proposed by the professional colleges. The Certificate of Professional Capacity (CCP) can only be obtained through the apprenticeship program, while some DAP qualifications and most DTs are organized as academic courses, including a practical part of the business as part of the internship agreement. The type of training in business (apprenticeship or internship) depends on the profession or profession. In the case of initial vocational training programmes, remuneration varies according to the occupation/work and qualification programme: certain general provisions of the labour code apply to apprenticeship contracts: the State contributes through financial incentives for training companies (see below). A representative of the Chamber of Professional Work or a representative of the Ministry of Education for training of apprentices not dependent on a professional order, a representative of the Workers` Chamber a teacher In addition, the competent professional orders are responsible for overseeing practical training under an apprenticeship contract. Under the authority of the Minister of National Education and professional orders, the mission of “apprenticeship advisors” is to give the apprentice a special status within the meaning of the Labour Code. In practice, in 2019, all CCP lines consist of 3 years of schooling and business training. The duration of practical training is greater than 50%: the relationship between teaching and practical training varies from 2/3 days, 1.5/ 3.5 days or 1/4 day; in the restaurant sector, training is organized by period. A minimum proportion of company training is not defined by regulation.

For each profession, an individual scheme is defined and updated each year. In short, most courses account for more than 50% of practical training. However, for some occupations, this is not representative of the levels and qualification areas from 20% to 75%. The program committees are responsible for defining the training framework program consisting of the training company “that provides training and training as part of the formal training program” (Labour Code, Art. L.111-3 (5)). All teaching offers and educational applicants must be registered with the EPS (ADEM). Source: cumulus.cedefop.europa.eu/files/vetelib/2019/Vocational_Educatio…, p. 22 Program committees are responsible for synchronizing school and practice training. These incentives are often used and encouraged by almost all employers to promote the provision of in-business training.

However, as alternating learning is part of the second cycle of secondary education, learners must have completed grade 9 of the first cycle of secondary education in order to be able to enrol in apprenticeship at age 15 (1). The apprenticeship program in Luxembourg has a long history (1940s). Its current form was regulated in 2008 and amended in 2019. As far as traces of DT are concerned, the duration of the company is very different and the averages are not representative.