On 5 June 2020, the central government adopted three regulations: (i) the Agricultural Trade and Trade (Promotion and Facilitation) Regulations 2020, (ii) the Farmers` Agricultural Price Guarantee and Services Agreement (Empowerment and Protection) 2020 and (iii) the Essential Raw Materials (Amendment) Regulations 2020 [7]. [8] The regulations jointly aim to: (i) facilitate the accessibility of trade in agricultural products outside the markets notified under the various laws of the CMPA, (ii) establish a framework for contract farming and (iii) limit stocks of agricultural products only when retail prices rise sharply. The three regulations together aim to increase opportunities for farmers to enter into long-term sales contracts, increase the availability of buyers and allow buyers to purchase agricultural products in large quantities. If such a structure is not removed by the promoter, its ownership shall belong to the farmer after the conclusion of the agreement or at the end of the term of the contract. On September 20, 2020, Rajya Sabha passed two controversial agriculture laws amid the sedition of opposition members. The bills sparked protests from peasants in several places. The two land reform laws – the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020 and the Farming Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020 – were approved by vote in Parliament, although the opposition protested and stormed the well of this Assembly to send them to a narrower committee. These invoices are now being forwarded to President Ram Nath Kovind for authorization. Distance from the nearest APMC markets and lack of transport possibilities.1 The average area served by an APMC market is 496 m². .

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