On 30 October 2015, the first round of peace talks on Syria with the foreign ministers of 20 participating countries: the United States, Russia, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, China, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Germany and other countries. Ministers agreed that the Syrian government and the opposition should start political talks. [30] [31] The second round of the Viennese talks, in mid-November, resulted in an agreement on the need to bring together representatives of the Syrian government and the opposition for formal negotiations under the aegis of the United Nations, with a deadline of 1 January 2016. [32] It is mainly due to allegations of a ceasefire and the opening of reconciliation negotiations by local authorities or representatives of the illegal armed forces. Before the war, many in Daraa relied on transport and trade services between Syria and Jordan to support themselves. But trade with Jordan collapsed after protests began in early 2011. Although the Nassib transition was reopened after the reconciliation agreement, the arrest of a number of Jordanians who had entered it continues to cripple activities in the region. [13] On 12 December, an agreement was reached: [45] 34 opposition groups and individuals allied as the “High Negotiating Committee”. [46] These include Ahrar al-Sham and Jaysh al-Islam, but also not Syrian Kurds[46] and some moderate members of the Russian-backed opposition.

[47] Two of the 34 members are women, supplemented by a women-only advisory board known as the Women`s Advisory Committee. [48] That is, the Russian party has begun a complex and special work of reconciliation in Syria. Other military reinforcements have arrived in the region since the beginning of April 2020. On 14 May, these new troops drove civilians from their homes on the outskirts of the suburb of Daraa Al-Balad and threatened violent shelling in various areas. These measures have resulted in a new round of negotiations[22] which is still under way in several Daraa regions and by different parties, including Iran and Russia, with no new general agreement in sight. Residents who remained in Daraa governorate after the reconciliation agreement were also forced to pay fees for public services that do not exist: 33 per cent of Daraa governorate respondents said they paid royalties for electricity, water and telephone services before the date of the agreement before returning to the region. Yesterday, all the coordinates of the hotline (main and alternative channels) were provided to the American military attaché in Moscow, as stipulated in the Russian-American ceasefire agreement in Syria. · Daraa`s experience shows the failure of the reconciliation agreement model, even as a measure of restoring a degree of stability in the areas occupied by the regime, much less as a model that can be considered relevant in one way or another in the context of an organized, safe, voluntary and dignified return. Daraa`s experience clearly shows that this model cannot be successfully applied anywhere in Syria, especially in places where the number of returnees or displaced persons is considerable, such as northern Syria.

Despite the signing in mid-2018 of the reconciliation agreement with Russian sponsorship and guarantees, this agreement seemed fragile from the beginning. The regime and its allies have failed to deliver on their promises under the agreement: they have deliberately marginalized the city and its inhabitants and deprived them of their services as a form of collective punishment for a region out of control for many years and which has launched a movement that extended to the rest of Syria. The security situation, arrests and liquidations at military checkpoints or prisons, as well as the risk of intruders and escalation, have prompted thousands of citizens of Daraa governorate to leave the governorate. New waves of undeclared evictions were caused in 2019 and early 2020.